Different Names, Same Peace
Chinese 漢語 can include many things
Mandarin is called
Putonghua or Pŭtōnghuà 普通话
literally "common speech"
or Standard Mandarin in China
is Guoyu 國語
literally "national language" in Taiwan
Peace the same in both
”Heping" 和平 pronounced həpʰiŋ
in the pronunciation of the Beijing dialect
from a hundred years ago
now the lingua franca of China and Taiwan
Among the 56 ethnic groups
including the 90 percent
the Hàn yǔ or Han ethnic group
when it comes to Chinese language
by Kimberly Burnham
A P as in Peace Series Dictionary Poetry
Chinese: Putonghua (hua), Pŭtōnghuà 普通话 (literally "common speech"), Modern Standard Chinese, Standard Mandarin, Mandarin (China), Guoyu (Taiwan)―”Heping" 和平 [həpʰiŋ]” (peace)―China (a semi-artificial language based on the vocabulary of Mandarin topolects, the pronunciation of Beijing dialect and the grammar of modern vernacular writings. It's the official language and lingua franca of China). Hàn yǔ – hàn refers to hànzú, or the Han ethnic group. Of the 56 ethnic groups in China, the Han people account for over 90% of the population. hàn yǔ, as the name suggests, refers to the language of the Han ethnic group, or Mandarin. Mandarin Chinese is considered “standard” Chinese as opposed to other Chinese dialects.
Chinese: Guoyu, 國語 (literally "national language" in Taiwan), Putonghua (hua), Pŭtōnghuà 普通话 (literally "common speech"), Modern Standard Chinese, Standard Mandarin―”Heping" 和平 [həpʰiŋ]” (peace)―Taiwan (a semi-artificial language based on the vocabulary of Mandarin topolects, the pronunciation of Beijing dialect and the grammar of modern vernacular writings. It's the official language and lingua franca of China).
Chinese: Chinese, 漢語 , Sinitic languages―”Heping" 和平 [həpʰiŋ]” (peace)―China (Chinese is a very vague term: in its narrowest sense, it refers to the standardized version of the Beijing dialect of Mandarin, known in Mainland China as Putonghua (普通话, lit. common speech) and in Taiwan as Guoyu (國語, lit. national language) (These two are mostly the same, with few differences). Whereas in the broadest sense, it encompasses all the varieties known as Sinitic languages (all extant descendants of Old Chinese, including Cantonese, Hokkien, Hakka, etc.)
Chinese: Mandarin, 官話, a Sinitic language―”Heping" 和平 [həpʰiŋ]” (peace)―China. (If we cluster different dialects of Chinese into clusters by their mutual intelligibility (if two are mutual intelligible, then put them into the same cluster), Mandarin (官話) would be the largest of such clusters). Pǔ tōng hua (the literal meaning of pǔ tōng huà is “common language”. pǔ tōng huà is the official language of Mainland China. Pǔ tōng huà is the more standard, better-pronounced Mandarin. Mandarin is a family of Chinese dialects. These dialects are mutually intelligible for the most part. There are at least 6 subgroups of Mandarin: Northern Mandarin (Beijing dialect, Tianjin dialect), Central Mandarin, Jiao-Liao Mandarin, Northwestern Mandarin, Southwestern Mandarin and Jiang-Huai Mandarin.
Home of the Daily Peace Challenge. Learn about world peace - one word and one language at a time. (c) Kimberly Burnham, 2020
Peace Dictionary, The Meaning of Peace and Calm in 4000 languages
Looking for grant money to complete my peace project
Kimberly Burnham, PhD (Integrative Medicine)
860-221-8510 phone and what's app. Skype: Kimberly Burnham (Spokane, Washington)
Author of Awakenings, Peace Dictionary, Language and the Mind, a Daily Brain Health and P as in Peace, Paix and Perdamiam: an Inner Peace Journal To Stimulate The Brain
imberly Burnham, The Nerve Whisperer, Brain Health Expert, Professional Health Coach for people with Alzheimer's disease, Memory Issues, Parkinson's disease, Chronic Pain, Huntington's Ataxia, Multiple Sclerosis, Keratoconus, Macular Degeneration, Diabetic Neuropathy, Traumatic Brain Injuries, Spinal Cord Injuries, Brain Health Coaching ... Contact Kimberly Burnham in Spokane Washington (860) 221-8510 NerveWhisperer@gmail.com.
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I am looking for guest blog opportunities and a position as poet-in-residence. My current project is writing dictionary poems using words in different languages for the English word "peace." You can read some of my poems on Poemhunter .
As poet-in-residence I would write poems on different words in different languages and broadcast them throughout the social media blogosphere. Each poem would link back to your site where the word or language appeared.
I would expect some sort of stipend and a six month to one year placement. Please contact me for details if your organization is interested in having a poet-in-residence to help get your message out. Nervewhisperer@gmial.com
Buy the print or eBook, review Awakenings then contact Kimberly for a free 20 minute brain health consultation. Email or Phone
(Regular rates $120 per hour or 10 sessions for $650.)