Coleman, D. and D. S. Willis (2015). "Reflective writing: the student nurse's perspective on reflective writing and poetry writing." Nurse Educ Today 35(7): 906-911.: "Reflective writing is a mandatory part of nurse education but how students develop their skills and use reflection as part of their experiential learning remains relatively unknown. Understanding reflective writing in all forms from the perspective of a student nurse is therefore important. To explore the use of reflective writing and the use of poetry in pre-registered nursing students. A qualitative design was employed to explore reflective writing in pre-registered nursing students. A small university in Scotland. BSc (Hons) Adult and Mental Health Pre-registration Student Nurses. Two focus groups were conducted with 10 student nurses during March 2012. Data was analysed thematically using the framework of McCarthy (1999).
Students found the process of reflective writing daunting but valued it over time. Current educational methods, such as assessing reflective accounts, often lead to the 'narrative' being watered down and the student feeling judged. Despite this, reflection made students feel responsible for their own learning and research on the topic.
Some students felt the use of models of reflection constricting, whilst poetry freed up their expression allowing them to demonstrate the compassion for their patient under their care. Poetry writing gives students the opportunity for freedom of expression, personal satisfaction and a closer connection with their patients, which the more formal approach to reflective writing did not offer.
There is a need for students to have a safe and supportive forum in which to express and have their experiences acknowledged without the fear of being judged."
Hankir, A. and R. Zaman (2015). "'Craziness' and creativity: Psychopathology and Poetry." Psychiatr Danub 27 Suppl 1: S151-154.: "Not all poets have experienced psychopathology. Conversely, not all those who have experienced psychopathology become poets. The notion, nonetheless, of there being an association between 'craziness' and creativity, contentious though it may be, remains a seductive one.
Poetry is both beneficial for the person who is composing or reciting it as well as the person who may be reading or listening to it.
Poetry Therapy, which falls under the remit of Art Therapy, is increasingly being recognized as an effective form of adjunctive therapy for the treatment of mental health problems."
Lapum, J., T. Yau, et al. (2015). "Un-earthing emotions through art: facilitating reflective practice with poetry and photographic imagery." J Med Humanit 36(2): 171-176.: "In this article, we comment upon and provide an arts-informed example of an emotive-focused reflection of a health care practitioner. Specifically, we use poetry and photographic imagery as tools to un-earth practitioners' emotions within agonizing and traumatic clinical encounters.
In order to recognize one's own humanness and authentically engage in the art of medicine, we immerse ourselves in the first author's poetic and photographic self-reflection.
The poem and image are intended to inspire interpretation and meaning based on the reader's own professional and/or personal context. The last line of the poem is "I take off the gloves. My hands are marked."
Jack, K. (2015). "The use of poetry writing in nurse education: An evaluation." Nurse Educ Today 35(9): e7-e10.:
"Arts based approaches have been used in health education in various ways e.g. to develop emotional awareness, reduce anxiety and stress and assess communication skills.
This evaluation aimed to explore the use of poetry writing as a way for undergraduate nursing students to consider their feelings about important practice issues. 42 first year undergraduate nursing students were asked to write a poem which focused on an important nursing issue e.g. compassion, communication or the therapeutic role of the nurse. They were then asked to read the poem aloud to a small group and discuss its meaning.: 60% (n=24) of students reported that the exercise had increased understanding of their chosen subject, 75% (n=30) stated that they had learned something about themselves and 65% (n=26) of students stated that they had enjoyed the poetry writing exercise.
Qualitative comments suggested that the use of poetry enabled greater understanding of others' experiences, promoted open and honest reflection on feelings and supported the development of confidence.
There is a need for teaching methods which engage and develop students' imagination, if they are going to be adequately prepared for the demands of nursing practice.
Poetry writing and discussion supports the development of confidence, therapeutic communication skills and the ability to think creatively."
Kimberly Burnham, PhD, Spokane Poet